Hotel Palacio de Doña Leonor is a beautifully restored Spanish-style mansion built between 1541 and 1543 to serve as the residence of Doña Leonor, the daughter of the Spanish conqueror, Don Pedro de Alvarado, and the Tlaxcalan Indian Princess Tecuilhuatzin, Doña Luisa.

Hotel Palacio de Doña Leonor at Night

The mansion is just steps from some of the earliest structures in Antigua Guatemala, including The Cathedral, The Palace of the Captain’s General, The Main Plaza and the Palacio itself. Each room and suite is named to honour a key figure in the conquest of Guatemala, many of whom stayed at the residence themselves.

Don Pedro de Alvarado

Several brothers of Pedro de Alvarado, including Gonzalo and Jorge Gomez and Juan Old Bastard, joined Hernan Cortes in the port of Trinidad, where his journey began the conquest of Mexico.

Pedro de Alvarado began his campaign with the battle against Tlaxcaltecas-led Xicoténcatl. Once victorious, the conquerors formed an alliance with them, to fight against the Aztecs.

Once peace was reached the Tlaxcaltecas gave wives to the main Captains. One of which, was their own daughter Xicoténcatl the Elder, who was baptized as Dona Luisa. She was intended to Hernan Cortes, who in turn gave her to Pedro de Alvarado.

While still single, Pedro de Alvarado had a son with Doña Luisa, who was baptized in his own name and a daughter, who was given the name Doña Leonor.

The Conquest

Later, Don Pedro de Alvarado, along with Bernardino Vázquez de Tapia, made an inspection of nearby Tenochtitlan, in order to observe and determine the best travel route. Vasquez de Tapia fell ill with fever, and Alvarado had to complete the mission alone. Both returned to Cholula to inform the details Hernan Cortes, was when the Indians he got the nickname of Tonatiuh.

In the absence of Cortés, who had gone to meet Narvaez, Pedro de Alvarado ordered the killing of Temple, which preceded the defeat of the Spanish in what was called the Battle of the Noche Triste (1520). Reprimanded by Cortes, who was forced to rush back to Tenochtitlan to his aid, arguing that the Aztecs were preparing human sacrifices for the party Texcal (fifth month of the eighteen months of the Mexica calendar), reneging on their promise not to do so because party in such a trap to attack the Spaniards prepared. But even the most lenient agree Alvarado sources report that ordered without notice to attack the dancing party, killing between three hundred and six hundred unarmed people. The Aztecs Testimonies collected by Fray Bernardino de Sahagun described a cruel slaughter.

It is said that during his flight from the Great, Tenochtitlan is credited with having saved his life, despite being surrounded by enemies by jumping a canal leaning on his spear buried in the mud, this gesture has given its name to "Puente de Alvarado", name a street in the City of Mexico, located in the area where the fact may occur. It may be cited as the first pole vault, as is done with Filipides marathon, but the jump most likely never happened: the reference comes from Francisco Lopez de Gomara, who was not an eyewitness, and is denied with great firmness by Bernal Diaz del Castillo, who himself was there, and who wields strong arguments: no witness had noticed the jump, as they were busy in their lives, the water depth and channel width and viability jumping acrobatics is discarded and finally the same Bernal did not hear anyone mention the jump until long after the conquest the occasion of the publication of a libel laudatory for Alvarado.

Posted by Hernan Cortez, Captain Pedro de Alvarado leaves the city of Tenochtitlan towards Guatemala accompanied by 120 horsemen, 300 foot soldiers and hundreds of people origin Cholula, Tlaxcala and Mexico, to undertake the conquest of Guatemala 1523 to 1527.

Don Pedro de Alvarado entered Guatemala through the low and peaceful lands of Soconusco and then headed Xetulul Humbatz, Zapotitlán.

Doña Leonor

The Daughter of Don Pedro de Alvarado and Doña Luisa (tlaxcalteca origin), Doña Leonor de Alvarado, was born on March 22, 1524, and was the first mestiza woman born in Guatemala. In the newly founded city of Santiago de los Caballeros, she was named by Fray Juan Godinez as it was I called Utatlán (in Quiche "instead of the gray with age").

Doña Leonor historically to be interpreted by others, and the importance of women in those days depended on the virtue of the families in which they were born or married. However, you should never underestimate the vital role it played during the time of turmoil and conquest of Guatemala. Not only the maintenance of families "together", often helped make fundamental decisions of the State or in business.

Doña Luisa and her daughter Doña Leonor de Alvarado constantly accompanied Don Pedro in his conquest of Guatemala and Central America.

In 1527, on a return trip to Spain to ensure his conquest, Captain Don Pedro de Alvarado, married Francisca de la Cueva, daughter of a noble and powerful family of Castile. Doña Francisca did not last long in the Americas. Upon returning Don Pedro remarried his sister Dona Beatriz de la Cueva, who became Governor.

To ensure a family relationship, Doña Leonor was married to Pedro de Portocarrero, and fellow conquistador Pedro de Alvarado, whom he accompanied during the conquest of Mexico and Guatemala, participating in numerous battles against the Indians.

In 1524, Pedro de Portocarrero, was appointed councilor of the council and served as mayor of the original Capitol. In 1526 led the war against the peoples of Sacatepéquez in 1527 and conquered the province of Chiapas and founded the city of Comitan.

In 1539 Don Pedro Portocarrero dies, leaving Doña Leonor, widow of just 15 years, the heir to a great fortune, as they had no descendants.

After the death of Don Pedro and Doña Beatriz, comes to Guatemala in 1539 to age 38 years. Don Francisco de la Cueva, (cousin of the Duke of Alburquerque) which solicitous by Bishop Francisco Marroquín, marry Doña Leonor, and thus its heiress of her late husband and father was consolidated wealth.

Doña Leonor has six children with Don Francisco de la Cueva.

The Palacio Dona Leonor and adjacent buildings were originally the House of Leonor de Alvarado Cave.

He came to function as a center of commerce and government (on the first floor).

Don Francisco de La Cueva, alternately served as governor, mayor and businessman, because of their relative inexperience and naivety, most of the business will not leave his wife with more experience.

Don Francisco died in late 1576 and Doña Leonor survived until 1583.

In his will, since the September 13, 1583 before the notary (Hidalgo), Doña Leonor expressed his desire to be buried next to her father and husband, in the chapel of the Holy Church Cathedral (Central Cathedral).

As Don Pedro de Alvarado was known for his physical prowess and military leaders, his daughter Doña Leonor inherited her inner strength and determination.

The meticulous restoration of the "Palace" became a testimonial tribute to this remarkable woman.

La Antigua Guatemala

It was the third seat of the capital of the kingdom of Guatemala called comprising the states of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica and Chiapas, part of Mexico. It was built from 1543 by engineer Juan Bautista Antonelli in Panchoy Valley, where he went after the destruction moved by flood of the second site, located in the Valley of Almolonga, on the slopes of Volcan de Agua (where he had been taken after leaving the first settlement in Iximché in 1527). During development and splendor was known as one of the three most beautiful cities of the Spanish Indies.

The old Guatemala was the third city in splendor in Spanish America, competing with cities like Mexico, Puebla, Lima, Quito and Potosi. However, the special circumstances of the earthquakes on July 29, 1773, in the flowering of baroque, cut its natural process of growth and change. The rest of the great colonial cities suffered the destructive fury of neoclassicism in the past and present century, but it was not the case of Antigua Guatemala that has remained frozen in time and remembering the greatness of the capital of the Captaincy General of the kingdom of Guatemala. Also, this city exerted considerable influence on the aesthetics surrounding area and much of Central America, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua, and Chiapas, to the north.

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